Jéssica Amorim ︎

Image: Reproduction.  

What if a whole nation disappears?

What has been happening in Yemen: in addition to a viral pandemic, the globalization, since its first experiments, has contributed to concrete and symbolic disappearances of identities

The term globalization has already become old school. This process that involves the globalization of the economy, business and the market (capital once again), often sounds — or sells itself — as a proposal for freedom with a multitude of advances and high tech creations. But in reality, as we have seen from experience, since the “Great Sailings”, it has a high potential for massification, loss of cultural identity, and a limited and harmful bubble.

And although these criticisms seem repetitive, the point is that even though we are more identified with these characteristics, it is still necessary to think how much this "mindset" has been converted into action since the wake of these weeds of colonialism - never old. After all, some disappearances of places and therefore, cultures, continue in progress, fed by this “borderless” universe.

I don't know if you have followed, but in addition to all the world tension caused by the coronavirus pandemic, some countries and cultures have experienced other scourges of this globalization. Yemen, a country in the Middle East, for example, has been experiencing a conflict for more than five years, which has killed more than 100,000 people, including 12,000 civilians, as mentioned by human rights organizations. According to the United Nations (UN), it is the worst ongoing humanitarian crisis in the world.

That is why dealing with a viral pandemic in less adverse conditions than this has already been a great challenge for the majority of the world, so imagine how it has been with a scenario like this. In September, out of fear of COVID-19 and with almost no personal protective equipment, most doctors left their jobs in Aden, one of cities devastated by this conflict in Yemen. In addition, in the last week, Antonio Guterres, secretary general of the UN, warned about the imminent danger of the country experiencing the worst hunger that the world has seen in decades.

And for those who do not know as well, although this conflict is a civil war, in which two powers from the Middle East oppose — forces of the government of Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, supported by a Sunni coalition led by Saudi Arabia against the rebel Huti militia, of Shiites, supported by Iran, which controls the capital, Sanaa — we cannot be naive to think that nobody else has to do with it. We must be kept in mind that: 1) Yemen is in the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait, which is the route for oil tankers; and 2) nations such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France profit indirectly from the Yemeni war, from the sale and purchase of weapons. Moreover, during the electoral period in the USA, one of the Democrats' promises was to end the country's participation in these “eternal wars”.

It is 80% of this population in urgent need of assistance, with almost 4 million internally displaced persons, returnees, refugees and asylum seekers dependent on regular humanitarian aid to survive, and the UN continues to express its pessimism about the situation.

Meanwhile, Google Arts Culture, a platform launched on 9/27, World Tourism Day, dedicated to a type of digital tourism, has gained a lot of fans since the beginning of the pandemic. Virtual reality gains efforts to continue guaranteeing resources and globalization for the travel and tourism industries after the Coronavirus outbreak. There is even a page dedicated to Yemen there as well. Too bad it seems to be outdated.

In “Discover this Place” there are many images of a powerful and vivid nation and culture, which today has its schools in ruins. The question that remains is: if the database has saved what has already been, is it okay if it doesn't remain there? The never old colonialism continues to find other places to sail ...